The starkly contrasting economic trajectories of countries inside the eurozone were highlighted on Tuesday as Germany reported unemployment at 20-year lows while Spanish jobless figures rose for the fifth consecutive month.Moreover, there is an interactive graphic in the article showing the different unemployment rates by country.
While the latest eurozone seasonally adjustment unemployment rate is 10.3%, compared to 10.1% a year ago, there are vast gaps in unemployment rates between member states. Most notable are Germany at 5.5% (vs. 6.8% a year ago), the Netherlands at 4.8% (vs. 4.4%) and Austria at 4.1% (vs. 4.2%). The underperforming PIIGS are suffering vastly higher unemployment, with Greece at 18.3% (vs. 13.9%), Ireland at 14.3% (vs. 14.2%), Portugal 12.9% (vs. 12.3%), Spain at an astounding 22.8% (vs. 20.5%) and Italy an outperformer at 8.5% (vs. 8.4%). As a point of reference, the unemployment in France, which is the other major partner in the eurozone leadership, stands at 9.8% (vs. 9.7%).
How badly will austerity bite?
Please note that these unemployment figures are dated October 2011, before the full brunt of many announced austerity programs have been felt. As the effects of these cutbacks start to wind their way through these economies, will unemployment go up or down?
How long before the elites are faced with a political backlash?
The Guardian reported that the new Greek government is fed up with new demands and playing a game of brinkmanship again [emphasis added]:
Greece was promised a second emergency bailout worth €130bn (£108bn) in October after it became clear that the first rescue package, agreed in May 2010, was not enough to stabilise its debts.They have threatened to leave the euro within three months unless they get relief:
But talks about this second deal, including a writedown for Greece's private-sector lenders, are still continuing. Kapsis told Greek television: "This famous loan agreement must be signed, otherwise we are outside the markets, out of the euro and things will become much worse."
Reports have emerged since the weekend that the troika could demand fresh austerity measures from Athens in exchange for a new loan to ensure that it meets its targets for reducing the deficit. But Kapsis also said imposing more cuts on a recession-hit nation could be very difficult.
The Greek government has stepped up the pressure on its eurozone paymasters by warning that unless a new bailout for the recession-hit country is agreed within the next three months it will be forced out of the single currency.
No doubt much of this rhetoric is typical of the posturing that goes on in negotiations, but as austerity programs begin to bite all over Europe, investors will start to worry about and price in the tail-risk of social upheaval and political instability.
The ECB's LTRO program of unlimited liquidity has bought the politicians some time. Don't be too surprised if that window of time may be shorter than expected.
Cam Hui is a portfolio manager at Qwest Investment Fund Management Ltd. ("Qwest"). This article is prepared by Mr. Hui as an outside business activity. As such, Qwest does not review or approve materials presented herein. The opinions and any recommendations expressed in this blog are those of the author and do not reflect the opinions or recommendations of Qwest.
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